Migratory processes are not always simple. From a socio-psychological perspective, it is essential to understand the complexity and dimension that it has for people to leave their country, their culture, their way of life, their friends, their family and everything that was significant to them. Understanding the complexity of emotions and feelings that are mobilized during this process is of essential value to be able to know the necessary mechanisms required by immigrants to adjust to the new society. A quick adaptation is not really recommended. Many times when someone is trying to avoid real grief, he/she will make a false adaptation. In the long run, the individual often expresses a feeling of futility and of not feeling real or alive. The process that an immigrant must go through has the purpose of creating new feelings of belonging, social networking, weaving a life that is significant to him/her, accompanied by a feeling of liveliness and happiness as he/she previously had.
Encouraging diversity and coexistence through deep knowledge of our human roots is fundamental for everyone, especially for immigrants. In times of diversity and globalization, respect for others and tolerance for what is different is necessary. There is a tendency to think that whatever is different is dangerous, and the "comfort zone" makes us look for similarities as a way of reassuring a secure base.
Although there are stages common to all migration processes, we must also address the particularities of each individual. In the first instance, the impact of language change and the difficulty of both understanding and making yourself understood will hinder communication. Frustrations are going to be frequent, and the new codes that the person must learn will generate acculturative stress.
The professional has to understand the characteristics of their personality and their own resources and how they affect or not the overcoming of cultural mourning or the so-called Ulysses Syndrome. The proposals of transcultural intervention must be oriented fundamentally to the restructuring, reconceptualization of experiences that previously had a meaning and that in the new context have to be understood and assimilated in another way, according to the new reality.
Characteristics of migratory grief:
1.- It is a partial mourning that returns frequently.
2.- It is a mourning linked to deeply rooted aspects of childhood.
3.- It is multiple, there are several at the same time (language, family, friends, culture, work, housing, etc.)
4.- Produces changes in identity, the individual is no longer the same.
5.- As a consequence, it is common to find regressive behaviors.
6.- Activates psychological defense mechanisms and errors in the processing of information.
7.- It involves feelings of ambivalence.
8.- It is trans-generational.
There is great dehumanization when dealing with today's migrations since very little attention is paid to the feelings and to the experiences of the protagonists: the immigrants.
The intervention must be fundamentally a psycho-educational type and of emotional containment since it is not a disorder, but an adaptation to a different environment. In cases in which there is depression or other types of symptomatology, the individual will be assessed in order to offer the appropriate treatment.